- the Arco della Pace itself
- the “Cannocchiale”
Works to build the monumental neoclassic Arch at the so called “Porta Sempione”, designed by Luigi Cagnola, started in 1807 to celebrate Napoleon’s victories. However, it took longer than expected and the Triumphal Arch ended up with celebrating the peace signed in 1815 between Italy and Austria after Congress of Vienna, thus its final name Arco della Pace.
In the first edition of the Arch, the horses on top of it looked northwards, towards France, but since the events changed the horses were turned in the opposite direction. In 1859 Napoleon III, the France emperor, and Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia, future king of Italy, on their horses, passed under the gate after the glorious Magenta battle.
Once at the Arco della Pace, don’t miss the special perspective offered while looking under the gate. This is what Milan people call “Cannocchiale” (the Telescope), that is the perspective axis going from Arco della Pace to Castello Sforzesco through Parco Sempione.
Wikipedia: Arco della Pace